Projet Feux | UMR SPE 6134
Research  | Research team
Toussaint Barboni

 

 

 

Position: Senior lecturer

Section: CNU 31 st Section Email:

barboni@univ-corse.fr04.95.45.00.46

UMR SPE CNRS 6134 Fire Project.?

 

 

Research fields

  • Chemical characterisation of products resulting from the degradation and combustion of forest fuels, determination of the emission factors of pollutants emitted and evaluation of the toxicity of these pollutants,

  • Analysis of secondary metabolites (terpenes, polyphenols and flavonoids),

  • Study of the mechanism of generalised lightning flashes.

     

     

Activities

Toussaint Barboni, Lecturer at the University of Corsica, was recruited in 2012 and reports to the 31st CNU Section. He is a member of the UMR CNRS 6134 Environmental Sciences (SPE) and its related branch is the IUT of Corte (Corsica). He was Director of HSE (Hygiene, Safety and Environment) studies from 1 September 2013 to 31 August 2016. Since 2016, he has been the Head of Department of the DUT HSE, with his research work forming part of the anchor "Forest Fires" project. His research activities concern laboratory and field experimentation with a view to developing decision-making support tools for public policies in the field of forest fire prevention and control. His work focuses primarily on the chemical characterisation of products produced through the combustion of forest fuels.Over the course of the last five years, he has developed a special interest in the characterisation of pollutants (smoke) released during wildfire burns, at two levels. At laboratory level, the combustion is achieved through the use of cone calorimeters (from a few grams to a few kilograms of fuel). On this level, he studied the chemical composition of the various pollutants emitted by fires for the various species of the Mediterranean scrubland. The main pollutants released are CO2H2O, CO, NOx and aerosols. Other compounds are released in lower quantities, but they are just as important from the point of view of their toxicity, such as VOCs for example, some of which are known to be CMR substances. Aerosols are comprised of soot (carbon particles) of at least 1 µm in diameter (Figure 1) and tar.

He has co-authored 36 publications published in peer-reviewed international journals (https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=25627437600), 3 books and 35 national and international communications. H-index of 12. He has collaborated on several research programmes (Proterina-C, Proterina-Due).

 

Significant publications

Characterisation of smoke:

  • Barboni T., Leonelli L., Tihay V., Santoni P-A. Influence of the particle size on the heat release rate and the smoke opacity during the burning of dead cistus at laboratory scale, Journal of Fire sciences, 2017, in Press.

  • Leonelli L., Barboni T., Santoni P-A., Quillichini Y., Coppalle A. Characterization of aerosols emissions from the combustion of dead shrub twigs and leaves using a cone calorimeter, Fire Safety Journal, 2017, in Press.

  • Tihay-Felicelli, V., Santoni, P.A., Gerandi, G., Barboni, 2017,  Smoke emissions due to burning of green waste in the Mediterranean area: Influence of fuel moisture content and fuel mass,Atmospheric Environment, 2017, 159, 92–106.

  • Chiaramonti N., Romagnoli E., Santoni P.A., Barboni T. Comparison of the thermal degradation of pine species, utilisation of two sizes of calorimeter: cone calorimeter and LSHR, Fire Technology, 2017, 53, 741–770.

  • Tihay V., Santoni P-A., Leonelli L., Barboni T. Study of the diameter influence on the autoignition of Cistus twigs: Ignition criterion and Modeling, Fire Technology 2016, 52, 897–929.

  • Santoni P.A., Romagnoli E., Chiaramonti N., Barboni T. Experimental investigation of scale effects on the burning of a vegetation bed. Journal of Fire Sciences 2015, 33 290-319.

  • Romagnoli E., Barboni T., Santoni P.-A., Chiaramonti N. Quantification of volatile organic compounds in smoke from prescribed burning and comparison with occupational exposure limits, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 2014, 14, 1-9.

  • Barboni T., Pelizzaro G., Arca B., Chiaramonti N., Duce, N P. Analysis and origins of smoke from ligno-cellulosic fuels. Journal of analytical and applied pyrolysis, 2010, 89, 60-65.

  • Barboni T., Cannac M., Pasqualini V., Simeoni A., Leoni E., Chiaramonti N., Volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds in smoke exposure of firefighters during prescribed burning in the Mediterranean region, International Journal of Wildland Fire, 2010, 19, 606-612

 

 

EGE Mechanism:

  • Chetehuna K., Barboni T., Zarguili I., Leoni E., Simeoni A., Fernandez Pello, A.C. Investigation on the emission of Volatile Organic Compounds from heated vegetation and their potential to cause an eruptive forest fire, Combustion Science and Technology, 2009, 181, 1273-1288.

  • Barboni T., Cannac M., Leoni E., Chiaramonti N., Emission of biogenic volatile organic compounds involved in eruptive fire: implications for the safety of firefighters, International Journal of Wildland Fire, 2011, 20, 152-161.

 

Page mise à jour le 04/12/2017 par MATTHIEU VAREILLE